Questionmark Perception
Sep 28 2021 |
Logged in as : candidate
Change font size

Introduction

考试说明

本试卷是EXIN DevOps Foundation (DEVOPSF.CH)模拟考试。 EXIN考试准则适用于该考试。

本试卷由40 道单项选择题组成。每道选择题有多个选项,但这些选项中只有一个是正确答案,除非题目中有额外说明。

本试卷的总分是40分。每道题的分数是1分。您需要获得26分或以上通过考试。

考试时间为60分钟。

祝您好运!





Copyright © EXIN Holding B.V. 2020. All rights reserved.
EXIN® is a registered trademark.

Question

1  of 40
组织关注DevOps的原因有很多。

公司应该在什么情况下开始关注DevOps?

There are many reasons for a company to become interested in DevOps.

When should companies become interested in DevOps?

Question

2  of 40
在处理待办事项时,DevOps团队应该考虑哪些需求?

Which requirements should a DevOps team take into account when working on a backlog item?

Question

3  of 40
从客户价值角度来讲,明确的“完成的定义”(Definition of Done)在DevOps中至关重要。

以下哪一选项描述最符合DevOps中的“完成”?

A clear Definition of Done is critical in DevOps and considers the value for the customer.

What is a good description of Done for DevOps?

Question

4  of 40
任务需要按优先级排序。这种优先级排序通常出现在价值流入口的队列中。

为什么这种优先级排序通常会引发问题?

Tasks need to be prioritized. This prioritization takes place in the queue at the entry of the value stream.

Why does this prioritization often cause problems?

Question

5  of 40
为什么“价值流”概念在DevOps中如此重要?

Why is the concept 'value stream' so important in DevOps?

Question

6  of 40
以下哪一项符合“部署流水线”概念的起源?

Which idea is the origin of the concept 'deployment pipeline'?

Question

7  of 40
找到快速开发与维护应用可靠性之间的平衡,对于DevOps而言非常重要。

版本控制如何支持这一观点?

For DevOps, finding the balance between moving quickly and maintaining application reliability is important.

How does version control support this?

Question

8  of 40
根据美国国家标准与技术研究所(NIST),以下哪一项属于云计算的本质特征?

According to the US National Institute of Standards and technology (NIST), what is not an essential cloud computing characteristic?

Question

9  of 40
在DevOps中,当发现流程缺陷时应该怎么做?

In DevOps, what should be done when process deficiencies are found?

Question

10  of 40
价值流图清楚地显示价值流中的低效环节。

为什么要制作价值流图?

A value stream map shows clearly where the inefficiencies in a value stream are.

Why should a value stream map be made?

Question

11  of 40
DevOps在很大程度上依赖于精益生产的原则和实践。IT中的一种浪费是“任务切换(task switching)”。

这种IT浪费从以下哪类浪费转换而来?

DevOps relies heavily on the principles and practices of Lean Production. One of the types of waste in IT is 'task switching'.

From which original type of waste is this the translation for IT?

Question

12  of 40
以下哪一项属于让DevOps团队长期合作而带来的优势?

What is an advantage of having a DevOps team work together for a longer period?

Question

13  of 40
建议组织自定义并选择在该组织中有效的DevOps实践。必须提出关于组织的针对性问题,而且必须找到关于组织的针对性答案。

为什么说这是一个好主意?

It is recommended that organizations customize and select DevOps practices that work in that organization. Organization-specific questions must be raised and organization-specific answers must be found.

Why is this a good idea?

Question

14  of 40
以下哪一项是限制在制品(WiP)的原因?

What is not a reason to keep the Work-in-Progress (WiP) limited?

Question

15  of 40
商业现成软件(COTS)用于快速获取所需的结果,因为自主开发软件需要耗费大量时间。

关于COTS下列哪一项是正确的

Commercial off-the-shelf software (COTS) is used to quickly get the results needed, because it takes time to develop your own software.

What is true about COTS?

Question

16  of 40
以下哪一项关于敏捷的说法不正确

Which thought is false in Agile?

Question

17  of 40
配置管理可以扩展IT基础架构和软件系统,且不需要更多人员。

在这样的扩展环境上,变更的理想完成方式是?

Configuration management makes it possible to scale IT infrastructure and software systems, without needing more people working on them.

How should changes to such a scaled environment ideally be done?

Question

18  of 40
一家公司希望将产品上市时间从数年缩短至数月。一名员工说他们应该考虑在IT部门采用DevOps方法。

为什么改用DevOps有助于缩短产品上市时间?

A company wants to reduce their time-to-market from years to months. One of their employees says they should consider using DevOps methods in the IT department.

Why would changing to DevOps help reduce their time-to-market?

Question

19  of 40
DevOps为组织带来了哪些重要优势?

Which significant advantage does DevOps bring to an organization?

Question

20  of 40
以下哪一项无法帮助DevOps团队成功开发和交付工作软件?

What does not help a DevOps team to successfully develop and deliver working software?

Question

21  of 40
价值流图的最有价值信息来自三个关键指标。

以下哪一项属于三个关键指标之一?

The most valuable information of a value stream map is taken from three key metrics.

What is one of these three key metrics?

Question

22  of 40
一个好的版本控制系统是DevOps中最佳的高绩效预测器之一。

以下哪一项是成功应用版本控制的必要条件?

A good version control system is one of the highest predictors of high performance in DevOps.

What is necessary to apply version control successfully?

Question

23  of 40
何时运用DevOps进行组织和技术变革会导致混沌和失控?

When can the use of DevOps for organizational and technological changes lead to chaos and loss of control?

Question

24  of 40
从DevOps的诞生来看,参与软件开发的各方之间出现新的互动方式,触发对新的IT管理方式的需求,从而产生DevOps。

找到新的互动方式的各方具体是指以下哪一项?

When looking at the emergence of DevOps, new ways of interacting between parties involved in software development triggered a need for new ways of IT management. This resulted in DevOps.

Which parties that found new ways to interact are meant?

Question

25  of 40
以下哪一选项属DevOps被组织所采纳的困难因素?

What can cause difficulties when DevOps is adopted?

Question

26  of 40
根据DevOps实践,以下哪一项是提高运维控制水平的最佳方法?

According to DevOps practices, what is the best way to increase the level of operational control?

Question

27  of 40
当组织转换到DevOps实践时,对IT回报的期望值会增加。

DevOps在达到这一预期方面与敏捷、Scrum和精益的不同之处是什么?

When switching to DevOps, a greater return on information technology is expected.

What differentiates DevOps from Agile, Scrum and Lean to meet this expectation?

Question

28  of 40
一个组织拥有遗留IT基础架构,他们希望开始采用DevOps。

以下哪一项是针对此类组织的通常做法?

An organization has a legacy IT infrastructure. They want to start with DevOps.

What is a common approach in such an organization?

Question

29  of 40
组织中的许多员工仍以单一实体的形式来开发和维护IT系统。

在这种情况下,可以预知采纳DevOps实践会遇到什么困难?

An IT system is still being developed and maintained by many employees as a single entity.

What difficulty with adopting DevOps practices can be expected?

Question

30  of 40
以下哪一项是DevOps解决突发事件的方式?

What is the DevOps way of solving incidents?

Question

31  of 40
DevOps建议将实施的工作可视化。

可视化可以实现以下哪两个目标?

请记住选择2个备选答案。

DevOps recommends visualization of the work done.

Which two goals can be realized by visualization?

Please remember to choose 2 answers.

Question

32  of 40
一个公司采用持续部署。

应该由谁决定何时发布新功能?

A company uses continuous deployment.

Whose decision should it be when to release new functionality?

Question

33  of 40
降低技术债务的两种常用做法是什么?

What are two common practices for reducing technical debt?

Question

34  of 40
实施部署流水线时会遇到问题。起初,预先开发的测试不足以确保生产环境的稳定运维。

以下哪一项是解决这个问题的最优解决方案?

When implementing the deployment pipeline, problems are encountered. Initially, there are not enough pre-developed tests to ensure steady operation of the Production environment.

Which solution best addresses this problem?

Question

35  of 40
在传统实践中,发布可能会出现许多问题:某些变更未记录,系统未完全备份,或者系统以前的状态未保存。

DevOps如何确保频繁发布的同时不出现此类问题?

In traditional practices many things can go wrong with releases: some changes are not documented, the system has not been backed up fully, or there is no previous state of the system saved.

How does DevOps ensure frequent releases without these problems?

Question

36  of 40
以下哪一项是价值流图的第一步

What is the first step in value stream mapping?

Question

37  of 40
刚性或单体IT架构有什么困难?

What is a difficulty of a rigid or monolithic IT architecture?

Question

38  of 40
团队以一周为一个迭代周期,频频遭遇瓶颈。

团队在识别瓶颈后下列哪一选修最恰当

The team works in one-week iterations and frequently encounters bottlenecks.

What is the best reaction of the team after they identify a bottleneck?

Question

39  of 40
DevOps有时被认为是敏捷的一部分。

DevOps在回答下列哪一问题中给出了敏捷所不能给出的答案?

Sometimes, it is thought that DevOps is a part of Agile.

To which question does DevOps give an answer, that has nothing to do with Agile?

Question

40  of 40
配置管理的益处是什么?

What benefit does configuration management have?