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Aug 05 2021 |
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Introduction

考试说明

本试卷是EXIN Agile Scrum Foundation (ASF.CH)模拟考试。 EXIN考试准则适用于该考试。

本试卷由40 道单项选择题组成。每道选择题有多个选项,但这些选项中只有一个是正确答案,除非题目中有额外说明。

本试卷的总分是40分。每道题的分数是1分。您需要获得26分或以上通过考试。

考试时间为60分钟。

祝您好运!





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Question

1  of 40
为了让Scrum团队的工作保持最高生产率,Scrum Master的主要职责是什么?

What is the primary responsibility of a Scrum Master in order to keep a Scrum team working at its peak level of productivity?

Question

2  of 40
某Developer正在完成冲刺期内的一项任务。

谁对这个任务负责?

During a sprint, a Developer is working on a task.

Who is accountable for this task?

Question

3  of 40
所有Scrum事件都是时间盒限制事件。

什么是时间盒限制的优势?

All Scrum events are time-boxed events.

What is the advantage of time-boxing?

Question

4  of 40
某团队正在过渡到Scrum。他们设了一个叫做项目协调员的角色,帮助所有项目成员创造一个平稳的工作环境。

这一角色在过渡期结束后应叫做什么?

A team is transitioning to Scrum. They already had a role called project coordinator, who helps creating a smooth working environment for all project members.

What should this role be called after the transition?

Question

5  of 40
某产品负责人想要一个产品待办事项列表条目能在两天内完成。处理这个条目的Developers认为需要5天时间才能完成,而Scrum Master认为需要3天。一位完成过类似条目的主题专家认为,这个条目最多只要一天。

计划应采用谁的估算?

A Product Owner wants a product backlog item to be completed in two days. The Developers working on the item think it will take five days to complete it. The Scrum Master thinks it takes three days. A subject matter expert, who has worked on similar items in the past, thinks it should be at most a one-day effort.

Whose estimate should be used for planning?

Question

6  of 40
在冲刺期中段,团队完成了所有的冲刺待办事项列表条目。

最好采取哪一项行动?

Halfway through a sprint, a team has finished all sprint backlog items.

What is the best action to take?

Question

7  of 40
某虚拟团队正在完成一个项目,他们的团队成员来自两个不同时区。团队成员的办公时间不重叠,导致工作效率不尽如人意。

什么是提高这个虚拟团队效率的最好方法?

A virtual team with people from two diferent time zones is working on a project. The team members do not have overlapping office hours, which causes them to be less effective than they hoped for.

How can the effectiveness of this virtual team best be improved?

Question

8  of 40
什么时候进行产品待办事项列表梳理?

When does product backlog refinement take place?

Question

9  of 40
某Scrum团队用到了看板板。板上某列的在制品(WiP)已经达到限制。

此时应该做什么?

A Scrum team uses a Kanban board. The work-in-progress limit (WiP-limit) of a column on the Kanban board is reached.

What should be done when this happens?

Question

10  of 40
什么是向Developers以及Developers之间传达信息快速有效的方法?

What is the most efficient and effective method of transferring information to and between the Developers?

Question

11  of 40
某Scrum团队针对冲刺待办事项列表选择了一个产品待办事项列表条目。

Developers什么时候算完成了产品待办事项列表条目?

A Scrum team selects a product backlog item for the sprint backlog.

When are the Developers finished with a product backlog item?

Question

12  of 40
哪一项说法符合每日站会在监控Scrum项目上的作用?

What best describes the role the daily scrum plays in the monitoring of a Scrum project?

Question

13  of 40
敏捷工作方式下,开发节奏应该怎么样?

When working in an Agile way, what should the pace of development be?

Question

14  of 40
在过去的8个冲刺中,Developers总共完成了72个故事点。Scrum团队被要求开始一个新的项目,这个项目估计有56个故事点。

完成这个项目需要多少个冲刺?

In the past 8 sprints, the Developers have completed 72 story points in total. The Scrum team is asked to start working on a new project which is estimated at 56 story points.

How many Sprints are needed to complete this project?

Question

15  of 40
某Scrum团队按两周冲刺期做一个项目。在第十五个冲刺的冲刺回顾会议上,Scrum Master表示:

“从过去十二个冲刺可以看出,我们无法在两周内交付潜在可交付增量。我们应该增加第十六个冲刺的时长。”

是否应该增加冲刺期?

A Scrum team works on a project in two-week sprints. During the sprint retrospective meeting of the fifteenth sprint, the Scrum Master says:

"We have seen from the last twelve sprints that we cannot deliver potentially shippable increments in two weeks. We should increase the duration for sprint sixteen."

Should the duration be increased?

Question

16  of 40
在冲刺中用燃尽柱状图来监控的进度。

燃尽图中的柱状呈现了什么?

For a sprint, progress is monitored in a burn-down bar chart.

What does the bar of a burn-down bar chart represent?

Question

17  of 40
一个常用的最佳实践是按缩写“INVEST”确定产品待办事项列表条目。INVEST的“I”表示独立性。假设某产品待办事项列表条目不是独立的。

哪一项是具有依赖性产品待办事项列表条目的后果?

An often-used best practice is to define product backlog items according to the acronym ‘INVEST’. The ‘I’ of INVEST means independent. Suppose that a product backlog item is not independent.

What is the consequence of having dependent product backlog items?

Question

18  of 40
是否允许推翻产品负责人关于产品待办事项列表内容的决定?

Is it allowed to override the Product Owner’s decisions regarding Product Backlog content?

Question

19  of 40
Scrum的三个工件都包含一个Scrum团队为之努力的承诺。

冲刺待办事项列表的承诺是什么?

All three Scrum artifacts have a commitment that the Scrum team works toward.

What is the commitment of the sprint backlog?

Question

20  of 40
在Scrum团队中,谁对确保客户从产品中获得最大价值负责?

In a Scrum team, who is accountable for ensuring the customer gets the most value from the product?

Question

21  of 40
什么是产品目标?

What is a product goal?

Question

22  of 40
一个5人的Scrum团队,3周冲刺期的冲刺计划会议要多长时间结束?

How long should it take a Scrum team of 5 members to finalize the sprint planning for a 3-week sprint?

Question

23  of 40
什么句是敏捷宣言中关于价值观的描述?

请记住选择2个答案。

Which two statements are statements of value as described in the Agile Manifesto?

Please remember to choose 2 answers.

Question

24  of 40
某Scrum团队用信息雷达来可视化进度。

为什么可视化进度是有帮助的?

A Scrum team uses an information radiator to visualize the progress.

Why is visualizing the progress helpful?

Question

25  of 40
某客户要求提供一份关于Scrum团队在开发中应用的技术的报告。

最好由谁来准备这份报告?

A customer requests a report about the techniques a Scrum team uses for their development.

Who can best prepare this report?

Question

26  of 40
什么是Scrum团队交付速率的定义?

What is the definition of the velocity of a Scrum team?

Question

27  of 40
使用亲和力估算时,用户故事如何分配故事点?

When using affinity estimation, how are story points assigned to user stories?

Question

28  of 40
一个人编写代码,另一个人观察和评论。二人偶尔互换角色。

以上属于哪种实践?

One person is working on the code and another person is observing and commenting. Occasionally, they switch roles.

Which practice is this?

Question

29  of 40
某Scrum团队的一名Developer认为,干系人可能会对已开发的增量有一些有价值的见解和反馈。

什么是征求反馈的最佳场合?

A Developer from a Scrum team thinks that a stakeholder may have some valuable insights and feedback about the developed increment.

What is the best event to ask for this feedback?

Question

30  of 40
“INVEST”中的“S”表示粒度小。

产品待办事项列表中哪些条目应该小?

The S in INVEST stands for small.

Which items on the product backlog should be small?

Question

31  of 40
最好的架构、需求和设计源自于哪种类型的团队?

From which type of team do the best architectures, requirements and designs emerge?

Question

32  of 40
产品负责人正在考虑产品待办事项列表条目的排序标准。

哪一项不是需要考虑的标准?

The Product Owner is considering criteria for ordering the items in the product backlog.

Which is not one of the criteria that needs to be considered?

Question

33  of 40
为什么每日站会需要在冲刺每天的同一时间和地点召开?

Why does the daily scrum need to be held at the same time and place each day of the sprint?

Question

34  of 40
在查看燃尽图时,Developer注意到柱子底部在第三四个冲刺期间移到了横轴上方。

第三个冲刺期发生了什么?

While reviewing a burn-down bar chart, a Developer observed that the bottom of the bar had moved above the horizontal axis between the third and fourth sprint.

What happened in the third sprint?

Question

35  of 40
哪种合同类型是自适应,适配Scrum工作方式?

Which contract type is adaptive and fits well with the Scrum way of working?

Question

36  of 40
某Scrum团队想要明确定义一份检查表,用来列举出在增量可算作完成之前必须完成的条目。

该团队可能会用什么?

A Scrum team wants to clearly define a checklist of items that must be completed before an increment can be called completed.

What are they likely to use for this?

Question

37  of 40
哪一项是冲刺期间产生的产品潜在可发布部分?

What is a potentially releasable part of a product that occurs during a sprint?

Question

38  of 40
某Scrum团队正在估算用户故事。Scrum Master建议采用计划扑克法。

计划扑克是如何工作的?

A Scrum team is estimating user stories. The Scrum Master suggests the planning poker technique.

How does planning poker work?

Question

39  of 40
高管希望定期核查Scrum团队是否遵循Scrum实践和原则。

谁是执行核查的最佳人选?

Senior management wants to regularly verify whether the Scrum team is following Scrum practices and principles.

Who is in the best position to conduct such an audit?

Question

40  of 40
多个团队在做同一个产品。关于完成的定义(DoD)存在分歧。

-Scrum Master认为,只能有一个DoD,所有团队都致力于这一DoD。
-产品负责人认为,每个团队都应该定义自己的DoD,并根据各自的DoD设法达成冲刺目标。

谁是对的?

Multiple teams are working on the same product. There is a disagreement about the definition of done (DoD).

- The Scrum Master states that there should only be a single DoD that all teams work towards.
- The Product Owner states that each team should define their own DoD and work towards their sprint goals based on that DoD.

Who is right?