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May 11 2021 |
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Introduction

考试说明

本试卷是EXIN Agile Scrum Master (ASM.CH)模拟考试。 EXIN考试准则适用于该考试。

本试卷由40 道单项选择题组成。每道选择题有多个选项,但这些选项中只有一个是正确答案。

本试卷的总分是40分。每道题的分数是1分。您需要获得26分或以上通过考试。

考试时间为90分钟。

祝您好运!





Copyright © EXIN Holding B.V. 2020. All rights reserved.
EXIN® is a registered trademark.

Question

1  of 40
考试规范1.1.1

你所在的公司正处于紧急状况。客户投诉变更请求的反应时间太慢,而且由于没有满足规格要求,最近一些重要的开发项目已经失败了。大多数团队已经意识到这些问题,部分开发团队已尝试采取Scrum模式进行试点。

哪一项是最佳下一步行动?

Exam specification 1.1.1

Your company is in a critical situation. Costumers are complaining about slow reaction time on Change Requests and some important development projects have failed lately, because specifications have not been met. Most of the teams are aware of these issues and some Development Teams have already taken Scrum for a test drive.

What would be the best thing to do next?

Question

2  of 40
考试规范1.1.2

产品负责人(PO)希望项目分两次发布:中期、末期各一次。Scrum Master指出这无关紧要。

Scrum Master为什么这么说?

Exam specification 1.1.2

The Product Owner wants to have two releases in the project: one in the middle and one at the end. The Scrum Master points out that this does not matter.

Why does the Scrum Master say this?

Question

3  of 40
考试规范1.2.1

为期4周的冲刺经过一周后,开发团队意识到,他们将无法交付一半的冲刺待办事项。产品负责人(PO)对此不满意,因为客户希望在冲刺末期发布大部分特性。

哪一项是作为Scrum Master的最应该采取的措施?

Exam specification 1.2.1

One week through a four-week Sprint, the Development Team has realized that they will not be able to deliver half of the Sprint Backlog items. The Product Owner is not happy with this, because the customer is expecting most of those features for a release at the end of the Sprint.

What is the best course of action as the Scrum Master?

Question

4  of 40
考试规范1.3.1

请阅读以下说法:

业务需求可能随时更改,因此,只需交付当前阶段里要求的必要的部分,就可以将工作视为完成,项目团队还可以节省精力和时间。

以上说法最能代表哪一种敏捷方法?

Exam specification 1.3.1

Please read the following statement:

Business requirements can change at any time, so by doing only the necessary work for the required step to be considered complete, the project team saves efforts and time.

Which Agile methodology is best represented by this statement?

Question

5  of 40
考试规范2.1.1

Tom现担任一名Scrum Master。在冲刺期间,他意识到团队无法在冲刺结束时交付潜在可交付产品。他怀疑这是因为团队未在签入所有代码之前完成评审。

Tom应怎么做才能防止问题再次发生?

Exam specification 2.1.1

Tom is a Scrum Master. During a Sprint, he realizes the team will not deliver a potentially shippable product at the end of this Sprint. He suspects that this is because the team does not review all code before it gets checked in.

What should Tom do to prevent this problem from happening again?

Question

6  of 40
考试规范2.2.2

原先不同组织的两个Scrum团队在合并后必须在一个项目上合作。Scrum Master认为他们可能缺乏沟通和透明度。

哪一项是团队分布式的最佳方案?

Exam specification 2.2.2

Two Scrum Teams from formerly different organizations must work together on a project after a merger. The Scrum Master thinks they are likely to experience a lack of communication and transparency.

What is the best option for the teams' distribution?

Question

7  of 40
考试规范2.1.1

将Scrum Master和产品负责人的角色合并是一种好做法吗?

Exam specification 2.1.1

Is it good practice to combine the roles of the Scrum Master and the Product Owner?

Question

8  of 40
考试规范2.1.2

在冲刺回顾会议上,开发团队发现目前的团队速率太低。Scrum Master的快速分析发现是因为冲刺周期不合适。但是,开发团队不同意这一点。Scrum Master指导开发团队成员自行决定周期。

如果无法达成一致意见,谁必须决定冲刺周期?

Exam specification 2.1.2

During the Sprint Retrospective meeting, the Development Team finds out that the current Velocity is far too low. A quick analysis by the Scrum Master shows that the Sprint length is inappropriate. However, the Development Team does not agree with this. The Scrum Master coaches the Development Team members to decide the length on their own.

If no agreement can be reached, who has to decide on the length of the Sprint?

Question

9  of 40
考试规范2.1.3

每个团队都必须任命一名Scrum Master。

假设没有Scrum Master,哪一项是最佳短期解决方案?

Exam specification 2.1.3

Every team must have an appointed Scrum Master.

Suppose that there is no Scrum Master available, what would be the best short-term solution?

Question

10  of 40
考试规范2.2.1

哪一种调解冲突的方式符合Scrum指南?

Exam specification 2.2.1

Which way of mediating conflicts is in line with the Scrum Guide?

Question

11  of 40
考试规范2.2.2

某团队管理者正在启动一个新项目,他的团队将为分布式。部分团队成员将常驻英国,而团队的另一部分将常驻印度。比较PDI分数等准备工作已经完成。

在团队内部建立凝聚力的下一步是什么?

Exam specification 2.2.2

A Team Manager is starting a new project and his team will be distributed. Some team members will be located in the UK and the second part of the team will be situated in India. Preparations such as comparing PDI scores have already been completed.

What would be the next step to create coherence within the team?

Question

12  of 40
考试规范2.2.3

Sue是一个非常成功且充满积极性的团队的Scrum Master。团队遵循Scrum流程,因此通过Scrum团队内部的交流讨论会共享知识。

Sue还可以向团队提供什么建议,为团队找到行之有效的共享知识的方法?

Exam specification 2.2.3

Sue is the Scrum Master of a very successful and motivated team. They are following the Scrum processes and therefore sharing knowledge within Scrum's built-in communication forums.

What else could Sue suggest to the team to find concrete ways to share knowledge?

Question

13  of 40
考试规范2.3.1

你在一个Scrum团队中工作。你的产品负责人询问谁将担任Scrum Master角色。你的团队尚未决定人选。你毛遂自荐,因为你是唯一接受过Scrum培训的人。

你的产品负责人随后决定由资历最浅的成员担任Scrum Master。

为什么这不是好决定?

Exam specification 2.3.1

You work in a Scrum Team. Your Product Owner asks who will fulfill the Scrum Master role. Your team has not decided yet. You volunteer, because you are the only one trained in Scrum.

Your Product Owner then decides that the most junior member should serve as the Scrum Master.

Why is this not a good idea?

Question

14  of 40
考试规范2.3.1

选择产品负责人时,容易陷入一些常见的陷阱:
  • 产品负责人想要通过降低某些需求的质量按时完成工作。
  • 产品负责人属于一个异地团队的一员,没有与开发人员直接接触。
  • 产品负责人给团队施加太大压力,可能导致工作倦怠。
  • 产品负责人授权决策(然后又否决决策者)。
以上的其中一个陷阱仍有可能成功交付工作,只要产品负责人能持续参与项目,并与团队建立融洽关系。

哪种场景可以期望成功?

Exam specification 2.3.1

When selecting a Product Owner, there are a few common pitfalls:
  • The Product Owner wants to lower the quality of some requirements to finish on time.
  • The Product Owner is part of a remote team and has no direct contact with the developers.
  • The Product Owner pushes the team too hard, possibly leading to burnouts.
  • The Product Owner delegates decision making (and then overrules the decision maker).
One of these pitfalls has the potential to deliver work successfully, as long as the Product Owner remains engaged in the project and establishes a good relationship with the team.

In which scenario could you expect success?

Question

15  of 40
考试规范2.3.1

产品负责人在每日站会上向开发人员分配任务,会议一直长达15分钟以上。

哪一项是Scrum Master的最佳响应?

Exam specification 2.3.1

The Product Owner assigns tasks to developers in the Daily Scrum, and the meeting always takes more than 15 minutes.

What is the best response for the Scrum Master?

Question

16  of 40
考试规范3.1.1

什么时候开发团队会首次使用完成标准(DoD)?

Exam specification 3.1.1

When is the first time that the Definition of Done is used by a Development Team?

Question

17  of 40
考试规范3.1.2

阅读以下用户故事:

作为数据录入员,我希望有一个好的用户界面管理客户发票,以便可以快速工作。

这个用户故事表述是否足够完整,可以纳入冲刺待办事项列表?

Exam specification 3.1.2

Read the following User Story:

As a data entry clerk, I want a good user interface for the administration of customer invoices, so that I can work fast.

Is this User Story complete enough to put in the Sprint Backlog?

Question

18  of 40
考试规范3.1.3

在用户和开发人员开始看到系统成形之前,总会在有些方面无法想到。

不能事先确定的特性被称为什么?

Exam specification 3.1.3

There are always things that users and developers are unable to think of before they start seeing the system taking shape.

What are the features called that cannot be identified in advance?

Question

19  of 40
考试规范3.2.1

Scrum采用三个级别的计划:
  • 路线图
  • 发布
  • 冲刺
在敏捷以迭代地方式制定计划是什么意思?

Exam specification 3.2.1

Scrum uses three levels of planning:
  • The roadmap
  • The releases
  • The Sprint
What does iterative planning mean?

Question

20  of 40
考试规范3.2.2

产品负责人和开发团队在冲刺计划会议上存在分歧。产品负责人认为,开发人员过于悲观地估计了事项及产能,因此选择的冲刺事项过少。

哪一项是Scrum Master的应该采取的行动?

Exam specification 3.2.2

The Product Owner and the Development Team have disagreements in the Sprint Planning meeting. The Product Owner believes that the developers have estimated the items and their capacity too pessimistically and, therefore, have selected too few items for the Sprint.

What is the best action for the Scrum Master?

Question

21  of 40
考试规范3.3.1

在对发布计划中的用户故事进行估算后,将其拆分为冲刺计划中的各项任务。

不同于冲刺计划中的任务,用户故事以另一个指标进行估算。

冲刺计划中的任务是以什么为单位进行估算的?

Exam specification 3.3.1

After the User Stories of the release plan are estimated, they are decomposed into tasks on the Sprint Planning.

User Stories are estimated in another metric than tasks on the Sprint Planning.

What are the tasks on the Sprint Planning estimated in?

Question

22  of 40
考试规范3.3.2

Scrum Master在冲刺计划会议中的作用是什么?

Exam specification 3.3.2

What is the role of the Scrum Master in a Sprint Planning session?

Question

23  of 40
考试规范3.3.3

在项目的可行性研究阶段,进度估计通常相差60%~160%。

项目中不可预测性的量化演变称作什么?

Exam specification 3.3.3

During the feasibility phase of a project a schedule estimate is typically as far off as 60% to 160%.

What is the evolution of the amount of unpredictability during a project called?

Question

24  of 40
考试规范3.3.4

产品负责人和Scrum Master正在讨论项目的两个不同版本。项目的其中一个版本将包含更多特性,并创造比另一版本更多的价值,但由于开发时间增加,成本也会更高。产品负责人和Scrum Master想要比较两个版本,同时考虑IRR(内部收益率)。

通过计算IRR他们可以获得哪些信息?

Exam specification 3.3.4

The Product Owner and the Scrum Master are discussing two different versions of a project. One version of the project will include more features and deliver more value than the other version, but will also cost a lot more due to increased development time. The Product Owner and Scrum Master want to compare the two versions, taking the IRR (Internal Rate of Return) into consideration.

What information can they gain by calculating the IRR?

Question

25  of 40
考试规范3.4.1

某团队在迭代结束时有故事尚未完成。

在开始之前或迭代期间应该做什么?BR>
Exam specification 3.4.1

A team has unfinished Stories at the end of an iteration.

What should be done prior to the start or during the iteration?

Question

26  of 40
考试规范3.4.2

Jeff是某计费软件公司的Scrum Master,他正在寻找另一种有用的方式,直观显示团队在完成发布的计划功能方面的表现。

他想要以方框显示主题名称、主题的故事数量、故事的故事点数或理想人天数,以及完整故事点比例。

以上描述的是什么?

Exam specification 3.4.2

Jeff, a Scrum Master in a billing software company, is looking for another useful way of visualizing how his team is doing at completing the planned functionality of a release.

He wants a box with the name of the theme, the number of Stories in that theme, the number of Story Points or Ideal Days for those Stories, and the percentage of the Story Points that are complete.

What is this a description of?

Question

27  of 40
考试规范3.4.3

你的团队低估了迭代中剩余的工作。

燃尽图上可能显示什么?

Exam specification 3.4.3

Your team has underestimated the remaining work in an iteration.

What may show up on the Burn-Down chart?

Question

28  of 40
考试规范3.5.1

问题和缺陷是否是Scrum开发过程的一部分?

Exam specification 3.5.1

Are issues and bugs part of the Scrum development process?

Question

29  of 40
考试规范4.1.1

即使在大型开发项目中,仍然建议一种产品仅用一个产品待办事项列表。

将产品待办事项列表保持在合理规模,以便有效管理的最佳方法是什么?

Exam specification 4.1.1

Even in large development projects it is still recommended to use only one Product Backlog for one product.

What can best be done to keep the Product Backlog to a reasonable size to be able to manage it effectively?

Question

30  of 40
考试规范4.1.2

Scrum-of-Scrums会议与每日站会存在多方面的不同。

哪一项表明Scrum-of-Scrums会议与每日站会的区别?

Exam specification 4.1.2

Scrum-of-Scrums meetings differ from Daily Scrums in various ways.

What is an example of a way in which a Scrum-of-Scrums meeting differs from the Daily Scrum?

Question

31  of 40
考试规范4.2.1

并非所有项目都适合采用敏捷Scrum方法。

在哪一种情况下适合采用Scrum?

Exam specification 4.2.1

Not all projects are suitable to apply the Agile Scrum approach.

In which case is Scrum the most desirable?

Question

32  of 40
考试规范4.2.2

根据项目的规模,你的团队需要更多或更少的资源。其中一种资源是团队成员人数。

哪一项关于团队规模的说是正确的?
Exam specification 4.2.2

Depending on the size of a project, your team needs more or fewer resources. One of these resources is the number of team members.

What is true about team size?

Question

33  of 40
考试规范4.3.1

Olivia是一家软件公司的Scrum Master。他们正在从瀑布开发模式向Scrum过渡。

Olivia试图提高公司采用Scrum的渴望程度。

她应该采取哪一项行动?

Exam specification 4.3.1

Olivia is a Scrum Master in a software company. They are in the transition from the Waterfall model to Scrum.

Olivia is trying to increase the desire to adopt Scrum in her company.

What action should she take?

Question

34  of 40
考试规范5.1.1

ADAPT是敏捷过渡计划中各项活动的首字母缩写。第一个字母“A”代表意识

为什么说意识作为引入敏捷时的第一步十分重要?

Exam specification 5.1.1

ADAPT is an acronym for the activities in an Agile transition plan. The first 'A' stands for awareness.

Why is awareness important as a first step when introducing Agile?

Question

35  of 40
考试规范5.1.2

某公司发现当前流程无法创造令人满意的结果。向Scrum过渡似乎是一个有效的解决方案,因为大多数竞争对手在使用Scrum方面已经非常成功。

CEO制造了紧迫感,并在与利益相关者讨论他的计划。大多数员工对进一步了解敏捷感到兴奋。

过渡过程的下一步应该做什么?

Exam specification 5.1.2

A company has discovered that the current process is not delivering acceptable results. Transitioning to Scrum seems like a valid solution, as most competitors are already very successful in using Scrum.

The CEO has created a sense of urgency and is also speaking to stakeholders about his plans. Most employees are excited to learn more about Agile.

What should be the next step in the transitioning process?

Question

36  of 40
考试规范5.1.3

你的同事是一个怀疑论者并抗拒转型。

哪一项是对待这种抗拒的好方法?

Exam specification 5.1.3

Your co-worker is a skeptic and resisting change.

What is a good approach to deal with this resistance?

Question

37  of 40
考试规范5.2.1

某Scrum团队的工作是在管理层设定的界限和约束范围内进行自我组织应对各种挑战。

在这种情况下,管理层的职责是什么?

Exam specification 5.2.1

A Scrum Team's job is to self-organize around the challenges, within the boundaries and constraints, put in place by management.

What is the management's job in this context?

Question

38  of 40
考试规范5.2.2

与传统开发项目中的团队相比,跨职能团队具有优点。

哪一项是优点之一?

Exam specification 5.2.2

Cross-functional teams have advantages over teams in traditional development projects.

What is one of them?

Question

39  of 40
考试规范5.3.1

敏捷宣言提到了许多有助于成功引入敏捷开发的文化方面的内容。

哪一项价值没有反映在敏捷宣言中?

Exam specification 5.3.1

The Agile Manifesto mentions a number of cultural aspects that help in successfully introducing Agile development.

Which value is not reflected in the Agile Manifesto?

Question

40  of 40
考试规范5.3.2

Paula是某资产管理软件公司的Scrum Master,她希望她的团队团结一致,追求一个项目的共同目标,并克服遇到困难的任何团队所面临的挑战。

她在试图形成什么?

Exam specification 5.3.2

Paula, a Scrum Master for an asset management software company wants her team to stick together in pursuit of a common goal for a project, and to overcome the challenges that face any team involved in a difficult pursuit.

What is she trying to create?