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May 24 2022 |
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Introduction

Introduction

This is the EXIN Agile Scrum Product Owner (ASPO.EN) sample exam. The Rules and Regulations for EXIN’s examinations apply to this exam.

This exam consists of 40 multiple-choice questions. Each multiple-choice question has a number of possible answers, of which only one is correct.

The maximum number of points that can be obtained for this exam is 40. Each correct answer is worth 1 point. You need 26 points or more to pass the exam.

The time allowed for this exam is 90 minutes.

Good luck!





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Question

1  of 40
Yellow Industries is losing customers. The main complaint of their customers is that Yellow Industries just does not make the product that they want. The board wants to start working in a more Agile manner to make the company financially healthy again.

How would working in a more Agile manner benefit Yellow Industries most?

Question

2  of 40
An Agile way of working offers more predictability and more flexibility than traditional ways of working.

How does Scrum help to achieve more predictability and flexibility?

Question

3  of 40
A Scrum Master knows she should help remove roadblocks but is doubting if it is also useful to establish a form of continuous improvement.

Is there overlap between removing roadblocks and establishing continuous improvement?

Question

4  of 40
Business requirements can change at any time, so by doing only the necessary work for the required step to be considered complete, the project team saves efforts and time.

Which Agile methodology is best represented by this statement?

Question

5  of 40
In a Scrum team, which accountability does not belong to the Product Owner?

Question

6  of 40
Natalie has been working as a Developer in a Scrum team for a software development company during the past five years. She is a technically competent and experienced Developer. She recently transferred to the Wooden Tulip Hotel Group and is now working with a new team as the Product Owner. They are working on a marketing product.

Natalie struggles with her new role as Product Owner. She is not a marketing person and the business of the Wooden Tulip Hotel Group is very different from the software development company that she worked with previously.

What should Natalie do first?

Question

7  of 40
The Product Owner of a production company is receiving negative feedback from the customer during every meeting they have. The customer keeps complaining that the Product Owner is not delivering what was asked for.

What should the Product Owner do to help improve the product’s success?

Question

8  of 40
The internal Scrum team of a large bank is preparing their first sprint review. They will show the business team the first functionality of a service they are building.

The Developers suggest that the Product Owner provides an account of the work they have done and demonstrates the functionality. They argue that the Product Owner is the voice of the customer (VoC) and speaks the language of the business. The Developers find themselves too technical.

The Scrum Master, on the other hand, suggests that the Developers show their work themselves. This way, they can explain the functionality and answer questions immediately. The Scrum Master and the Product Owner will be present in the during the meeting.

How should the sprint review be structured?

Question

9  of 40
Fatima is a Product Owner in a data warehouse software company. Halfway through a sprint, she receives new information about two things. First, the company must change the product goal because the customer has changed their mind. Second, there is not enough budget to finish the project that was originally envisioned.

Is Fatima authorized to cancel the sprint?

Question

10  of 40
A company is working with several Scrum teams to make sure they can keep the deadlines their customers require. These teams must make sure that their efforts are not duplicated, that dependencies are visible and clear.

The company has opted for a single backlog, a single Product Owner, and multiple Scrum Teams. Each Scrum team has several Developers and their own Scrum Master.

Which Scrum role is best placed to coordinate the efforts?

Question

11  of 40
The separate roles in Scrum are accountable and responsible for different things. One of the roles is accountable for adapting the plan, and way of work, as and when needed, to ensure that progress is made toward the sprint goal.

Which role is accountable?

Question

12  of 40
An effective product goal is a key aspect to create customer value in Scrum.

Which critical question must be answered to create an effective product goal?

Question

13  of 40
Amitola Company wants to create a new vendor portal that will allow the vendors to interact with the company better. They need to create a product goal for the vendor portal.

The Product Owner leads a meeting to develop the product goal. She must make sure all stakeholders agree on the product goal. The product goal is essential for driving the product development in the right direction.

During the meeting, they should first get a clear view of the vision for the vendor portal.

Why is this so important?

Question

14  of 40
In Scrum, there is no commitment to features unless they are actively in progress. However, customers can find it challenging to commit to product development and provide a budget without having an idea of the product. It can therefore be helpful to show a product roadmap to customers.

What is the best way to create a product roadmap?

Question

15  of 40
A Scrum team uses the definition of done (DoD) for the first time during the sprint planning meeting. In the sprint planning meeting, the team estimates the size of the backlog items and creates the sprint backlog.

Why does the team need the DoD during the sprint planning meeting?

Question

16  of 40
A Product Owner writes the following user story for the product backlog:

As a data entry clerk, I want a good user interface for the administration of customer invoices, so that I can work fast.

Does this user story provide the necessary specific information to be pulled into a sprint backlog?

Question

17  of 40
An agency for digital communication is developing a travel platform for one of its clients. The user of the travel platform should be able to book flights, hotel rooms and rental cars on the same platform. User stories are discovered, decomposed, and refined throughout the entire project.

The following user stories are ready:
- As a business traveler, I only want to see available business hotels, to be able to choose a hotel in a fast and efficient way.
- As a leisure traveler, I want to choose a fixed date for my flight, to be able to start travelling as soon as I am on vacation.
- As a leisure traveler, I want to organize my entire trip on a single platform, to be able to save time.

Which user story should be identified as an epic?

Question

18  of 40
Günter is new to working as a Product Owner. He is unsure how to handle non-functional requirements in the product backlog.

He decomposes the non-functional requirements in a way similar to functional requirements: when they become important. When a task that is tied to the non-functional requirement is done, he removes the non-functional requirement from the product backlog.

Günter soon realizes that when he removes stories with non-functional requirements from the product backlog, he often has to add them again later.

What is the best way to handle non-functional requirements?

Question

19  of 40
A team is new to Scrum. They are discussing how to prioritize non-functional requirements and functional requirements. Functional requirements are the business-related requirements.

How should the non-functional requirements be prioritized?

Question

20  of 40
Which Scrum artefact must be updated most often?

Question

21  of 40
A Scrum team has a history of performing very well. However, recently they have not been able to meet their sprint goals, despite budgeting time in each sprint for unforeseen issues. The Scrum Master investigates this issue with the team in a sprint retrospective meeting.

The Developers identify the following problems with the last sprint:
- the team discovers a few impediments to the workflow after each sprint
- sudden requests that cost a few hours are regularly pushed by management
- specialist team members got suddenly pulled from the team to help other teams for days
- the Product Owner had taken a planned two-week vacation in the last month

Which problem is the most likely reason for not meeting the sprint goals?

Question

22  of 40
A team uses a Kanban board with four columns:

1 – User story
2 – To do
3 – Doing (3)
4 – Done

What is the most likely meaning of the '(3)' in the third column?

Question

23  of 40
What is the main purpose of a Scrum board?

Question

24  of 40
A Scrum team is using a burn-down chart to track their progress. During the sprint, the graph looks like this:



What is certain about this sprint?

Question

25  of 40
A team decides to use Kanban techniques on their Scrum board. They have introduced the concept of work-in-progress limits (WiP-limits) and started using blocker tickets to identify impediments that prevent a task from being completed.

The Scrum Master is unsure what to do with blocker tickets once an impediment is removed from the board. It seems wrong to just throw them away.

What should the Scrum Master do with blocker tickets to bring most value to the team?

Question

26  of 40
A Scrum team has found a critical bug that they feel must be solved right away. The team always has 20% of the time in the sprint set aside for fixing bugs. They have already pulled some legacy bugs into this sprint backlog to fill up the 20%. The team has agreed not to spend more time than 20% on fixing bugs.

The Product Owner has identified the new critical bug as having a higher priority than the bugs they have currently pulled into the sprint.

What is the best action to take?

Question

27  of 40
Software4You is a software as a service (SaaS) provider. The company has used Scrum for a while.

Currently, tested features are handed over from development to operations. This sometimes causes substantial delays between completing a sprint and releasing the features. Operations often retests software with their own requirements and finds bugs. All new approved features are released in the quarterly release.

Software4You wants to change this, because their customers demand improvements, bug fixes, and new features more frequently.

What is the best way to increase the value delivery frequency?

Question

28  of 40
Even in large development projects it can be best to have only one product backlog for one product. To manage that single product backlog properly, the backlog cannot be too large.

How should the product backlog be kept to a reasonable size?

Question

29  of 40
A company uses a Nexus approach to scale a large project.

The Nexus integration team coordinates a single sprint for all teams. Each team has their own Scrum Master to help remove roadblocks.
There is a single Product Owner and a single product backlog for all Scrum teams.

Is this the correct way of using a Nexus approach?

Question

30  of 40
A company is working on a large product. They are using a Nexus team setup to get the work done. The product backlog must be scaled across multiple Scrum teams.

How is this done within a Nexus?

Question

31  of 40
Not every project is suitable for an Agile approach. A company has the following projects.

- A project in the HR department has a tight budget, but no determined deadline. The requirements of the project are not clear.
- A project in the IT department has a pressing deadline and a tight budget. There is no room to change the scope of the project.

Which department has a project that is not suitable for an Agile approach?

Question

32  of 40
A company wants to use an additional Scrum team in addition to the Scrum team that is currently working on a project.

When is this a good idea?

Question

33  of 40
In large projects, multiple Scrum teams can collaborate on the same product.

How should the product backlog be scaled?

Question

34  of 40
Vine Industries is a hip software development company that writes customized apps for companies of all types and sizes. Vine Industries often has a complex development environment and time to market is critical for their customers.

Developers of several Scrum teams work together on delivering value. Several Scrum teams may work on a product for a single customer together. There are often dependencies between features developed by different teams. The customers discover new requirements after every sprint.

What is a good approach for working in a complex Scrum environment?

Question

35  of 40
Company SHIELD is working on a new in-house enterprise resource planning (ERP) system that will replace the outdated one currently in use. This system will provide functionality throughout the company and will be used in all 30 countries where SHIELD is doing business.

The company uses the traditional way of scaling Scrum. Since the ERP system is composed of five subsystems, the company decides to use a component team approach and appoints five Product Owners. Each of them supports one of the Scrum teams that will be working in parallel on each subsystem. A chief Product Owner is appointed to coordinate the project.

When planning the project, the teams propose to create one product backlog for each component as it will be easier to maintain and use. The chief Product Owner objects the proposition, stating that there should be only one product backlog.

Given this scenario, what should be decided about the product backlog?

Question

36  of 40
A Scrum team works hard but does not know if the work done results in valuable features.

In order to help the team, the Scrum Master decides to do the following:

1. Help the Scrum team understand the need for clear and concise product backlog items
2. Ensure the Product Owner knows how to arrange the product backlog to maximize value
3. Ensure the Product Owner clearly explains the delivered value at the sprint review
4. Lead and coach the organization in its Scrum adoption

Which combination of actions results in optimizing business value?

Question

37  of 40
Vine Solutions is a USA-based company that creates custom software for other businesses. They have the business goal to grow the business internationally. To support this goal, they need to expand their online presence.

The Product Owner has drafted several product goals.

Which product goal best supports Vine Solutions’ business goal?

Question

38  of 40
12Bike is a bike courier company. They want to improve their digital platform to help speed up the onboarding of new bike couriers.

12Bike outsources this work to a software company. The software company uses Scrum.

The financial manager of 12Bike wants to calculate the return on investment (RoI) to get an indication of how much value the project brings.

Does calculating the RoI give the information the manager needs?

Question

39  of 40
What is the best way to develop an intimate understanding of customer and user needs?

Question

40  of 40
When communicating with stakeholders, it can be helpful to define a minimal marketable product (MMP). This gives stakeholders something real to discuss.

What is an MMP?