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Sep 28 2021 |
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Introduction

考试说明

本试卷是EXIN Cloud Computing Foundation (CLOUDF.CH)模拟考试。 EXIN考试准则适用于该考试。

本试卷由40 道单项选择题组成。每道选择题有多个选项,但这些选项中只有一个是正确答案。

本试卷的总分是40分。每道题的分数是1分。您需要获得26分或以上通过考试。

考试时间为60分钟。

祝您好运!





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Question

1  of 40
某客户希望:

-运行应用软件
-将相关数据存储在中央计算机系统中
-为他们的客户或其它用户通过互联网访问客户提供权限

哪一项可以起到帮助?

A customer wants to:

- run application software
- store related data in central computer systems
- provide customers or other users access to them through the Internet

What would help do this?

Question

2  of 40
云基础设施向一批具有共同目标的特定组织和个人群体提供服务。

以上描述的是哪一种云部署模型?

A cloud infrastructure delivers services to a specific group of organizations and individuals that share a common goal.

Which cloud deployment model is this?

Question

3  of 40
哪一项是这是平台即服务(PaaS)的主要特点?

What is a key characteristic of PaaS?

Question

4  of 40
哪种协议构成了互联网以及云计算的基础?

Which protocol forms the basis of the Internet and, therefore, of cloud computing ?

Question

5  of 40
哪一项是网络在云计算中扮演的主要角色?

What is the main role that a network plays in cloud computing?

Question

6  of 40
虚拟化可以实现什么?

What does virtualization achieve?

Question

7  of 40
应用程序服务提供商(ASP)通过网络提供了一个应用程序。该应用程序不属于企业所有。

这种情况是下列那一项的早期现象?

Application service providers (ASPs) offered an application over a network. The application was not owned by the business.

What is this an early example of?

Question

8  of 40
哪一项属于单一功能环境?

What is an example of a single-purpose environment?

Question

9  of 40
哪一项不是多功能架构的主要特点?

What is not a key characteristic of a multi-purpose architecture?

Question

10  of 40
SOA是什么的缩写?

What does the abbreviation SOA stand for?

Question

11  of 40
哪一项是云计算与环境有关的优点?

What is an environment-related benefit of cloud computing?

Question

12  of 40
哪一项是云计算的局限性?

What is not a limitation of cloud computing?

Question

13  of 40
灵活性是云计算的优点,但又令人担忧。

哪个方面值得担忧?

Flexibility can be considered both a benefit and a concern of cloud computing.

Which aspect is a concern?

Question

14  of 40
什么确保了云计算的互操作性?

What ensures the interoperability of cloud computing?

Question

15  of 40
哪一项是本地云环境的硬件组件?

What are the hardware components of a local cloud environment?

Question

16  of 40
哪一项是虚拟专用网(VPN)的关键组件之一?

What is one of the key building blocks for a VPN?

Question

17  of 40
哪种措施有利于云环境中的数据保护?

Which measure contributes most to data protection in cloud environments?

Question

18  of 40
哪个国际标准包含IT服务管理原则?

Which international standard contains IT service management principles?

Question

19  of 40
使用标准如何使云计算受益?

How does using standards benefit cloud computing?

Question

20  of 40
公有云的服务级别要求(SLR)是高度标准化的。

为什么SLR是高度标准化的?

Service level requirements (SLRs) for public clouds are highly standardized.

Why are they highly standardized?

Question

21  of 40
哪一个流程不是服务级别管理的一部分?

Which process is not a part of service level management?

Question

22  of 40
访问任何云应用程序需要什么?

What is required for accessing any cloud application?

Question

23  of 40
超文本传输协议(HTTP)和超文本传输安全协议(HTTPS)与开放系统互连(OSI)模型的哪一层相关?

To which Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model layer do HTTP and HTTPS relate?

Question

24  of 40
什么是瘦客户端?

What is a thin client?

Question

25  of 40
哪一项不是使用移动应用程序(Apps)可能带来的好处?

What is not a possible benefit of using mobile applications (apps)?

Question

26  of 40
一家自主开发软件的IT公司转向应用平台即服务(PaaS)解决方案。

这个举措对公司有何好处?

An IT company that creates their own software switches to a PaaS solution.

What benefit does this have for the company?

Question

27  of 40
某服务提供商接管了一个客户的大部分IT系统和服务管理。

服务提供商如何最有力地向客户证明他们可以且会交付大部分价值链?

A service provider has taken over a large part of a customer’s IT systems and service management.

How can the service provider best show their customer that they can and will deliver most of the value chain?

Question

28  of 40
某组织希望成为云服务提供商。

在此之前,该组织必须问自己哪个问题?

An organization wishes to become a cloud service provider.

Which question must the organization ask themselves before becoming a cloud service provider?

Question

29  of 40
数据因遭受未授权访问而损坏。

这种情况构成哪种威胁?

Data is compromised due to unauthorized access to the data.

Which threat is this?

Question

30  of 40
一家企业实施双重身份验证和用户行为监控。

这种措施将有助于最直接地减轻哪个风险?

A business implements two-factor authentication and monitoring of user behavior.

Which risk will these measures help mitigate most directly?

Question

31  of 40
一家企业经常处理因内部威胁造成的数据泄露。

哪种风险缓解措施对该组织机构有效?

A business frequently deals with data breaches due to insider threats.

Which risk-mitigating measure is most effective for this business?

Question

32  of 40
联盟身份管理的作用是什么?

What does federated identity management do?

Question

33  of 40
存在和位置确定可用的服务和功能。

以上描述的是身份管理的哪一个特点?

Presence and location determine the available services and capabilities.

Which characteristic of identity management is this?

Question

34  of 40
欧洲议会和欧盟理事会起草了一份有关数据保护的法规,该项法规于2018年生效。

以上指的是哪一项法规?

The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have drafted this legislation for data protection which came into effect in 2018.

Which legislation is meant?

Question

35  of 40
免费的云应用程序可能会利用个人数据提供个性化广告。

用户应注意什么?

Free cloud applications may use personal data to provide personalized advertisements.

What should the user be concerned about?

Question

36  of 40
一家企业开始使用云计算解决方案。他们重新计算了资本支出(CAPEX)和运营支出(OPEX)。

哪一项是重新计算可能的结果?

A business starts using cloud computing solutions. They recalculate their capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operational expenditure (OPEX).

What is the most likely result of this re-calculation?

Question

37  of 40
初创公司应用云计算有何好处?

Which benefit would a start-up company have from moving to cloud computing?

Question

38  of 40
为什么上市时间短是云计算的优点?

Why is a short time to market a benefit of cloud computing?

Question

39  of 40
一家企业正在研究云服务提供商。他们担心云安全问题。

哪个问题试图解决这点?

A business is researching cloud service providers. They are concerned about cloud security.

Which question addresses this?

Question

40  of 40
一家企业选择了软件即服务(SaaS)解决方案。他们需要监视云服务提供商的财务状况。

哪一项可以帮助该企业监视财务状况?

A business has chosen a SaaS solution. They need to monitor the cloud service provider's financial performance.

What helps a business monitor financial performance?